American Heart Association

On Oct. 15, 2015, the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) released the 2015 Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC). The new guidelines are based on evidence-based findings from the global resuscitation community who assessed thousands of peer-reviewed publications.


Highlights of the 2015 guidelines

The release of new guidelines include a number of recommendations to improve the quality of CPR and ECC outcomes:

  • Importance of maintaining CPR compression rate of 100 – 120 / bpm1.
  • Ensuring a CPR chest compression depth of approximately 2 inches (5 cm) while avoiding excessive depths greater than approximately 2.5 inches (6 cm)1.
  • Full chest wall recoils when the sternum returns to its natural or neutral position during the decompression phase of CPR1.
  • It may be reasonable to use audiovisual feedback devices during CPR for real-time optimization of CPR performance1.
  • It is appropriate to consider escalating the shock energy if feasible, after a failed shock and for patients where refibrillation occurs.2

For detailed information about the new 2015 Guidelines, visit the American Heart Association website at or the European Resuscitation Council